Performance Issue (Insert Query) RRS feed

  • Question

  • Hi All, 

    Not sure whether is a right category to post this. I have two SQL servers which running under SQL Server 2012 Standard Edition. One is served as primary named SQL6 and another is secondary named SQL5, both running database mirroring for DR purposes and SQL6 already serve as primary server for 4 years+. Recently I found out there's performance issue, so I use SQLIO to perform the IO test in both machines and the results seems big different. 

    Here the sample tests that I perform and the results :- 

    sqlio -kR -s60 -frandom -o32 -b64 -Fparam.txt > results_all.txt 
    sqlio -kR -s60 -fsequential -o32 -b64 -Fparam.txt >> results_all.txt 
    sqlio -kW -s60 -frandom -o32 -b64 -Fparam.txt >> results_all.txt 
    sqlio -kW -s60 -fsequential -o32 -b64 -Fparam.txt >> results_all.txt 

    Results: Drive SQL6 Read (random IOs) Read (sequential IOs) Write (random IOs) Write (sequential IOs)
    C IOs/sec : 15990.36 15839.71 6084.54 6105.5
    MBs/sec : 999.39 989.98 380.28 381.59
    IOs/sec : 8479.86 8481.69 6260.7 6212.85
    MBs/sec : 529.99 530.1 391.29 388.3
    IOs/sec : 4525.48 13924.25 1046.41 12660.16
    MBs/sec : 282.84 870.26 65.4 791.26
    IOs/sec : 5657.04 7573.56 437.6 4919.53
    MBs/sec : 353.56 473.34 27.35 307.47
    Drive SQL5 Read (random IOs) Read (sequential IOs) Write (random IOs) Write (sequential IOs)
    C IOs/sec : 37521.6 26141.68 10430.16 6311.01
    MBs/sec : 2345.1 1633.85 651.88 394.43
    D IOs/sec : 44659.23 37266.78 15943.14 6184.28
    MBs/sec : 2791.2 2329.17 996.44 386.51
    E IOs/sec : 42147.96 30678.01 11434.35 12137.04
    MBs/sec : 2634.24 1917.37 714.64 758.56
    F IOs/sec : 7300.41 14181.1 5811.54 4952.59
    MBs/sec : 456.27 886.31 363.22 309.53

    Note: D stores log files, E stores data flies and F stores DB backup files

    I already fail-over all the databases to the secondary server named SQL5 (act as passive) temporarily. And here are my concern :- 

    1) Is this about the disk issue? What other methods that I can diagnostics the disk IO?  

    2) or is this about database physical file fragmentation issue? (https://www.mssqltips.com/sqlservertip/3008/solving-sql-server-database-physical-file-fragmentation/) But SQL5 should be same with SQL6, right?  And I did have a defragmentation job which run over the weekend. 

    Hope can get some advice here. Thanks and highly appreciated. 

    Best Regards, 


    Wednesday, September 19, 2018 2:31 AM

All replies

  • SQLIO to perform the IO test in both machines

    Hello Han,

    SQLIO is a plain hardware Benchmark test tool, it don't test SQL Server performance, even if the suggests so. So when you see different in performance reported by the tool, then it is a Hardware/Windows issue, not a SQL Server one.

    Olaf Helper

    [ Blog] [ Xing] [ MVP]

    Wednesday, September 19, 2018 6:22 AM
  • Hi Harn,

    >>Is this about the disk issue? What other methods that I can diagnostics the disk IO? 

    This problem can be caused by a disk problem or Windows OS scheduling, I would suggest you using a tool named CrystalDiskMark to check the speed of disk, by the way, please also check if your disk has been achieved 4K Alignment.

    Based on the above information, the latency is mainly caused by the random IOs, this will affect Lazy Writer and by Checkpoints. This problem can be caused by the difference between disk, the achieved 4K Alignment. This can also caused by many other hardware and OS problem.

    Best Regards,


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    Wednesday, September 19, 2018 7:17 AM
  • Let me start by asking why do think there is disk issue, how did you reached to conclusion that disk was culprit for low performance



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    Wednesday, September 19, 2018 7:23 AM
  • How much data do you insert? Do you set up asynchronous mirroring ? If you insert 1000000 rows into a table, the principle server need to wait for the mirrored server finishing this query and then commit the transaction, which may lead to the principal server’s transaction latency.

    Database Mirroring Best Practices and Performance Considerations 

    Best Regards,Uri Dimant SQL Server MVP, http://sqlblog.com/blogs/uri_dimant/

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    Wednesday, September 26, 2018 6:56 AM