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create a database and its tables durig application installation RRS feed

  • Question

  • Hello,

    i have finished an application (using vb.net 2005), which uses sql server 2005 and works with a database containing several objects. well, the question is: is there a way i can create the database and its tables... automatically during the installation process of my application (sopposing sql server has been installed on the destination pc) ?

    i know i can generate sql Scripts for the database and all datatables, so is there a way to execute this scripts automatically in the application?

    i know this might be a real dumb question but i just cant find any answer to it. i dont want the user to do anything to create the database and stuff. so is there anything i can do?

     

    thank you so much  

    Sunday, October 14, 2007 11:22 AM

All replies

  • I have the same problem. Did you ever figure out how to do it?
    Monday, May 30, 2011 4:52 PM
  • How To Create a SQL Server Database Programmatically by Using ADO.NET and Visual C# .NET

     



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    Please mark the post answered your question as the answer, and mark other helpful posts as helpful, so they will appear differently to other users who are visiting your thread for the same problem.
    Visual C++ MVP
    Monday, May 30, 2011 6:51 PM
  • Walkthrough: Using a Custom Action to Create a Database at Installation

    The following walkthrough demonstrates the use of a custom action and the CustomActionData property to create a database and database table during installation.

    NoteNote

    This walkthrough requires SQL Server on the computer where you will deploy the application.

     

    NoteNote

    Your computer might show different names or locations for some of the Visual Studio user interface elements in the following instructions. The Visual Studio edition that you have and the settings that you use determine these elements. For more information, see Visual Studio Settings.

    NoteNote

    The following instructions demonstrate how to create a deployment project by using a Visual Basic project; the general principles apply to all Visual Studio language projects that support deploying Windows-based applications.

    To create an installer class

    1. On the File menu, click New Project.

    2. In the New Project dialog box, select Visual Basic Projects in the Project Type pane, and then select Class Library in the Templates pane. In the Name box, type DBCustomAction.

    3. On the Project menu, click Add New Item.

    4. In the Add New Item dialog box, select Installer Class. In the Name box, type VbDeployInstaller.vb.

    To create a data connection object

    1. In Server Explorer, select Data Connections. Right-click and click Add Connection.

    2. In the Choose Data Source dialog box, select Microsoft SQL Server.

    3. In the Add Connection dialog box, do the following:

      1. In the Server name list, type or select a server name.

      2. Select Use Windows Authentication.

      3. In the database box, type master.

      4. Click OK to close the dialog box.

    4. From the Data menu, click Add New Data Source, and then use the wizard to add the connection that you established in the previous steps. To verify that the data source is in the project, click Show Data Sources on the Data menu.

    To create a text file that contains a SQL statement to create a database

    1. In Solution Explorer, select the DBCustomAction project. On the Project menu, click Add New Item.

    2. In the Add New Item dialog box, click Text File. In the Name box, type sql.txt (must be in lowercase).

    3. Add the following to the sql.txt file:

      CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Employees] (
      [Name] [char] (30) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NOT NULL ,
      [Rsvp] [int] NULL ,
      [Requests] [nvarchar] (4000) COLLATE SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS NULL 
      ) ON [PRIMARY];
      
      ALTER TABLE [dbo].[Employees] WITH NOCHECK ADD 
      CONSTRAINT [PK_Employees] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
      (
      [Name]
      ) ON [PRIMARY];
    4. In Solution Explorer, select sql.txt. In the Properties window, set the BuildAction property to Embedded Resource.

    To add code to the installer class to read the text file

    1. In Solution Explorer, select VbDeployInstaller.vb. On the View menu, click Code.

    2. Add the following Imports statement at the top of the module:

      Visual Basic
      Imports System.IO
      Imports System.Reflection
      Imports System.Data.SqlClient
      
    3. Add the following code to the VbDeployInstaller class, after the declaration of MyBase.New:

      Visual Basic
      Public Class VbDeployInstaller
      
        Dim masterConnection As New System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection
      
        Public Sub New()
          MyBase.New()
      
          'This call is required by the Component Designer.
          InitializeComponent()
      
          'Add initialization code after the call to InitializeComponent
      
        End Sub
      
        Private Function GetSql(ByVal Name As String) As String
          Try
      
            ' Gets the current assembly.
            Dim Asm As [Assembly] = [Assembly].GetExecutingAssembly()
      
            ' Resources are named using a fully qualified name.
            Dim strm As Stream = Asm.GetManifestResourceStream(
             Asm.GetName().Name + "." + Name)
      
            ' Reads the contents of the embedded file.
            Dim reader As StreamReader = New StreamReader(strm)
            Return reader.ReadToEnd()
      
          Catch ex As Exception
            MsgBox("In GetSQL: " & ex.Message)
            Throw ex
          End Try
        End Function
      
        Private Sub ExecuteSql(ByVal DatabaseName As String, ByVal Sql As String)
          Dim Command As New SqlClient.SqlCommand(Sql, masterConnection)
      
          ' Initialize the connection, open it, and set it to the "master" database
          masterConnection.ConnectionString = My.Settings.masterConnectionString
          Command.Connection.Open()
          Command.Connection.ChangeDatabase(DatabaseName)
          Try
            Command.ExecuteNonQuery()
          Finally
            ' Closing the connection should be done in a Finally block
            Command.Connection.Close()
          End Try
        End Sub
      
        Protected Sub AddDBTable(ByVal strDBName As String)
          Try
            ' Creates the database.
            ExecuteSql("master", "CREATE DATABASE " + strDBName)
      
            ' Creates the tables.
            ExecuteSql(strDBName, GetSql("sql.txt"))
      
          Catch ex As Exception
            ' Reports any errors and abort.
            MsgBox("In exception handler: " & ex.Message)
            Throw ex
          End Try
        End Sub
      
        Public Overrides Sub Install(
          ByVal stateSaver As System.Collections.IDictionary)
      
          MyBase.Install(stateSaver)
          AddDBTable(Me.Context.Parameters.Item("dbname"))
        End Sub
      
      End Class
      
    4. On the Build menu, click Build DBCustomAction.

    To create a deployment project

    1. On the File menu, click Add, and then click New Project.

    2. In the Add New Project dialog box, open the Other Project Types node and select Setup and Deployment Projects in the Project Type pane. Then select Setup Project in the Templates pane. In the Name box, type DBCustomAction_Setup.

    3. In the Properties window, select the ProductName property and type DB Installer.

    4. In the File System Editor, select the Application Folder. On the Action menu, click Add, and then click Project Output.

    5. In the Add Project Output Group dialog box, select Primary output for the DBCustomAction project.

    To create a custom installation dialog box

    1. Select the DBCustomAction_Setup project in Solution Explorer. On the View menu, point to Editor, and click User Interface.

    2. In the User Interface Editor, select the Start node under Install. On the Action menu, click Add Dialog.

    3. In the Add Dialog dialog box, select the Textboxes (A) dialog box, and then click OK.

    4. On the Action menu, click Move Up. Repeat until the Textboxes (A) dialog box is above the Installation Folder node.

    5. In the Properties window, select the BannerText property and type Specify Database Name.

    6. Select the BodyText property and type This dialog box enables you to specify the name of the database to be created on the database server.

    7. Select the Edit1Label property and type Name of database:.

    8. Select the Edit1Property property and type CUSTOMTEXTA1.

    9. Select the Edit2Visible, Edit3Visible, and Edit4Visible properties and set them to False.

    To create a custom action

    1. Select the DBCustomAction_Setup project in Solution Explorer. On the View menu, point to Editor, and then click Custom Actions.

    2. In the Custom Actions Editor, select the Install node. On the Action menu, click Add Custom Action.

    3. In the Select item in project dialog box, double-click the Application Folder.

    4. Select Primary output from DBCustomAction (Active), then click OK to close the dialog box.

    5. Make sure that Primary output from DBCustomAction (Active) item is selected in the Custom Actions Editor. In the Properties window, select the CustomActionData property and type /dbname=[CUSTOMTEXTA1]. This data is passed to the custom action that is run at the end of the installation. For more information, see CustomActionData Property.

    6. On the Build menu, click Build DBCustomAction_Setup.

    To install the application on your development computer

    • Select the DBCustomAction_Setup project in Solution Explorer. On the Project menu, click Install.

      This will run the installer on your development computer.

      NoteNote

      You must have install permissions on the computer in order to run the installer.

    To deploy the application to another computer

    1. In Windows Explorer, navigate to your project directory and find the built installer. The default path will be \documents and settings\yourloginname\DBCustomAction_Setup\project configuration\ DBCustomAction_Setup.msi. The default project configuration is Debug.

    2. Copy DBCustomAction_Setup.msi and all other files and subdirectories in the directory to another computer.

      NoteNote

      To install the application on a computer that is not on a network, copy the files to traditional media such as CD-ROM.

      On the target computer, double-click the Setup.exe file to run the installer.

      NoteNote

      You must have install permissions on the computer in order to run the installer.

    To uninstall the application

    1. In Windows Control Panel, double-click Add or Remove Programs.

    2. In the Add or Remove Programs dialog box, select DBCustomAction_Setup, click Remove, and then click OK to close the dialog box.

      TipTip

      To uninstall the application from your development computer, on the Project menu, click Uninstall.

    The link for the above information

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/49b92ztk.aspx

    Regards,

    Narendran Ponpandiyan

    Tuesday, May 31, 2011 5:43 AM