How to use multiple connection string in entity framework 6.0 RRS feed

  • Question

  • I have created a Web API using .net framework and using entity framework 6.0. Code based Migration is enabled.

    I have multiple connection strings (suppose 2 connection strings are present in web.config) so that if one server is down then Entity Framework should connect to another server using second connection string.

    Please suggest how can I achieve this?

    public class DatabaseBootstrapper : IDbContextFactory<TestDBContext> { public TestDBContext Create() { // I want some logic to test server is up or not using first connection string if server is not up then use second connection string. TestDBContext dbcontext = null; dbcontext = new TestDBContext(@"Data Source=.\sqlexpress3;Initial Catalog=TestDB;User ID=sa;Password=Password$;Trusted_Connection=False;"); return dbcontext; }


      public class TestDBContext : DbContext
            public DbSet<Nodes> Nodes { get; set; }
            public DbSet<Graphs> Graphs { get; set; }
            public TestDBContext(string connectionString)
                : base(connectionString)
                           Database.SetInitializer(new MigrateDatabaseToLatestVersion<TestDBContext, Migrations.Configuration>());
            protected override void OnModelCreating(System.Data.Entity.DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)

    Monday, January 16, 2017 10:59 AM

All replies

  • Hi agrawalamit3101,

    We could create a AppSettings to achieve it. we could change the appsettings value to connect different connectionstring. like this:

        <add key="Connstr" value="Model2" />
        <add name="Model1" connectionString="data source=(localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB;initial catalog=EF20161102;integrated security=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;App=EntityFramework" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />
        <add name="Model2" connectionString="data source=(localdb)\MSSQLLocalDB;initial catalog=Blogging;integrated security=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=True;App=EntityFramework" providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />

    #Rleated DbContext.

    public partial class Model1 : DbContext
            public Model1()
                : base("name="+ ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["Connstr"].ToString() + "")
            public virtual DbSet<Blog> Blogs { get; set; }
            protected override void OnModelCreating(DbModelBuilder modelBuilder)

    Best regards,

    Cole Wu

    MSDN Community Support
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    Tuesday, January 17, 2017 6:19 AM
  • You can first use general SqlAdapter Code, execute simple test query to test each connection string's connection is success or not in try catch


    if any connection success , then pass the success connection string to the constructor of entity framework 

    TestDBContext dbContext = new TestDBContext(theSuccessCOnnString);

    • Edited by www3000 Tuesday, August 29, 2017 7:58 AM
    Tuesday, August 29, 2017 7:58 AM