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Compare ROLAP, MOLAP and HOLAP

Answers

  • Details from BOL;

    MOLAP - The MOLAP storage mode causes the aggregations of the partition and a copy of its source data to be stored in a multidimensional structure in Analysis Services when the partition is processed. This MOLAP structure is highly optimized to maximize query performance. The storage location can be on the computer where the partition is defined or on another computer running Analysis Services. Because a copy of the source data resides in the multidimensional structure, queries can be resolved without accessing the partition's source data. Query response times can be decreased substantially by using aggregations. The data in the partition's MOLAP structure is only as current as the most recent processing of the partition.

    ROLAP - The ROLAP storage mode causes the aggregations of the partition to be stored in indexed views in the relational database that was specified in the partition's data source. Unlike the MOLAP storage mode, ROLAP does not cause a copy of the source data to be stored in the Analysis Services data folders. Instead, when results cannot be derived from the query cache, the indexed views in the data source is accessed to answer queries. Query response is generally slower with ROLAP storage than with the MOLAP or HOLAP storage modes. Processing time is also typically slower with ROLAP. However, ROLAP enables users to view data in real time and can save storage space when you are working with large datasets that are infrequently queried, such as purely historical data.

    HOLAP - The HOLAP storage mode combines attributes of both MOLAP and ROLAP. Like MOLAP, HOLAP causes the aggregations of the partition to be stored in a multidimensional structure in an SQL Server Analysis Services instance. HOLAP does not cause a copy of the source data to be stored. For queries that access only summary data in the aggregations of a partition, HOLAP is the equivalent of MOLAP. Queries that access source data—for example, if you want to drill down to an atomic cube cell for which there is no aggregation data—must retrieve data from the relational database and will not be as fast as they would be if the source data were stored in the MOLAP structure. With HOLAP storage mode, users will typically experience substantial differences in query times depending upon whether the query can be resolved from cache or aggregations versus from the source data itself.

    For more details, refer to;

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms174915.aspx

    Check similar thread;

    http://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/sqlanalysisservices/thread/891162b7-2567-44b9-abd7-ef85ce9adf45


    Aniruddha
    Tuesday, February 15, 2011 8:55 AM
  • Refer below article:

    http://www.msbiconcepts.com/2010/09/analysis-services-storage-modes.html


    sirfnet
    Tuesday, February 15, 2011 7:40 AM

All replies

  • Refer below article:

    http://www.msbiconcepts.com/2010/09/analysis-services-storage-modes.html


    sirfnet
    Tuesday, February 15, 2011 7:40 AM
  • Details from BOL;

    MOLAP - The MOLAP storage mode causes the aggregations of the partition and a copy of its source data to be stored in a multidimensional structure in Analysis Services when the partition is processed. This MOLAP structure is highly optimized to maximize query performance. The storage location can be on the computer where the partition is defined or on another computer running Analysis Services. Because a copy of the source data resides in the multidimensional structure, queries can be resolved without accessing the partition's source data. Query response times can be decreased substantially by using aggregations. The data in the partition's MOLAP structure is only as current as the most recent processing of the partition.

    ROLAP - The ROLAP storage mode causes the aggregations of the partition to be stored in indexed views in the relational database that was specified in the partition's data source. Unlike the MOLAP storage mode, ROLAP does not cause a copy of the source data to be stored in the Analysis Services data folders. Instead, when results cannot be derived from the query cache, the indexed views in the data source is accessed to answer queries. Query response is generally slower with ROLAP storage than with the MOLAP or HOLAP storage modes. Processing time is also typically slower with ROLAP. However, ROLAP enables users to view data in real time and can save storage space when you are working with large datasets that are infrequently queried, such as purely historical data.

    HOLAP - The HOLAP storage mode combines attributes of both MOLAP and ROLAP. Like MOLAP, HOLAP causes the aggregations of the partition to be stored in a multidimensional structure in an SQL Server Analysis Services instance. HOLAP does not cause a copy of the source data to be stored. For queries that access only summary data in the aggregations of a partition, HOLAP is the equivalent of MOLAP. Queries that access source data—for example, if you want to drill down to an atomic cube cell for which there is no aggregation data—must retrieve data from the relational database and will not be as fast as they would be if the source data were stored in the MOLAP structure. With HOLAP storage mode, users will typically experience substantial differences in query times depending upon whether the query can be resolved from cache or aggregations versus from the source data itself.

    For more details, refer to;

    http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms174915.aspx

    Check similar thread;

    http://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/sqlanalysisservices/thread/891162b7-2567-44b9-abd7-ef85ce9adf45


    Aniruddha
    Tuesday, February 15, 2011 8:55 AM